About HTML

History Of HTML

Filename extension .html
Internet media type text/html
Type code TEXT
Uniform Type Identifier public.html
Developed by World Wide Web Consortiumand WHATWG
Type of format Markup language
Extended to XHTML5
Open format? Yes

History Of XHTML?

Filename extension .xhtml, .html
Internet media type application/xml, application/xhtml+xml
Developed by World Wide Web Consortium andWHATWG
Type of format Markup language
Extended from XML, HTML5
Open format? Yes

What is HTML?

HTML is a language for describing web pages.

  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
  • HTML is a markup language
  • A markup language is a set of markup tags
  • The tags describe document content
  • HTML documents contain HTML tags and plain text
  • HTML documents are also called web pages

HTML Tags

HTML markup tags are usually called HTML tags

  • HTML tags are keywords (tag names) surrounded by angle brackets like <html>
  • HTML tags normally come in pairs like <b> and </b>
  • The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is the end tag
  • The end tag is written like the start tag, with a forward slash before the tag name
  • Start and end tags are also called opening tags and closing tags
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